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The United State (U.S) product imports from the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) member countries dropped by 23 thousand barrels per day (tbpd) compared to a month before to stand at 301 tbpd.
Besides, OPEC has raised world oil demand by 1.65 million barrels per day (mbpd) in 2018 in its July monthly market report, unchanged from the previous month’s report, with expectations for total world consumption at 98.85 mbpd.
 
According to OPEC in its July oil market report, this represents a 14 per cent share of total US product imports.
 
In terms of the product supplier share, Canada and Russia maintained their position as first and second supplier to the US with shares of 25 per cent and 10 per cent, respectively.
 
However, imports from both countries were lower than the previous month by 121 tbpd and 86 tbpd, respectively.
 
India was the third largest product supplier to the US, up by 65 tbpd from the previous month.
 
Canada remained the top supplier to the US in April, accounting for 45 per cent of total U.S. crude imports.
 
Canada’s crude exports to the U.S. were up by 6 per cent, or 199 tbpd, compared to the previous month.
 
Saudi Arabia was the second largest supplier to the US with an 11 per cent share of total crude imports, closely followed by Iraq at 10 per cent.
 
Imports from Saudi Arabia were 138 tbpd higher m-o-m, while imports from Iraq were up by 122 tbpd.
 
Crude imports from OPEC Member Countries rose in April by 712 tbpd, or 28 per cent, compared to the previous month.
 
Imports from OPEC Member Countries accounted for 39 per cent of total US crude imports.
 
On crude oil demand projection, OPEC said the initial projection for 2019 indicates a global increase of around 1.45 mbpd, with annual average global consumption anticipated to surpass the 100 mbpd threshold.
 
Based on the first forecast for demand and non-OPEC supply for the year 2019, the demand for OPEC-15 crude next year is projected to decline by 0.8 mbpd to average 32.2 mbpd.
 
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is once again expected to remain in positive territory, registering a rise of 0.27 mbpd with the bulk of gains originating in OECD America.
 
It noted that the non-OECD region is anticipated to lead oil demand growth in 2019 with initial projections indicating an increase of around 1.18 mbpd, most of which is attributed to China and India.
 
Additionally, a steady acceleration in oil demand growth is projected in Latin America and the Middle East.
 
According to secondary sources, OPEC crude production averaged 32.4 mbpd in first quarter of 2018, which is 0.1 mbpd higher than the demand for OPEC crude.
 
The report stated that in the second quarter, OPEC crude production stood at 32.2 mbpd, which is 0.3 mbpd lower than the demand for OPEC crude.
 
Source: The Business Insider
The Group Managing Director of Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Maikanti Baru, has said that Nigeria will rely on Nigerian Gas Processing and Transportation Company (NGPTC), a subsidiary of the NNPC, to deliver a 614km Ajaokuta-Kaduna-Kano (AKK) gas pipeline project.
 
The project, expected to be executed with about $3 billion, includes other key projects that will see the country expending over $38.5 billion on oil, petroleum products and natural gas pipelines between 2018 and 2022, according to data company, GlobalData.
 
Speaking on the sidelines of the 2017 Annual General Meeting (AGM) of the company, Baru, who also functioned as the chairman of the AGM, said the corporation was relying on the NGPTC’s competence to deliver the 614km Ajaokuta-Kaduna-Kano (AKK) gas pipeline project.
 
He said apart from the AKK gas project, the company was also busy putting together new pipelines like the OB3 projected to come into operation later in the year alongside other significant gas pipeline projects across the length and breadth of the country designed as an integral part of the bigger trans-Nigerian gas pipeline system.
 
The NNPC boss commended the management and members of staff of the company for recording a profit after tax of N6.11 billion in its first year of operation under the new structure.
 
He said the NNPC management was looking forward to a bright future for NGTPC as it continued to show great promise and positive performance despite operating in an environment laden with incessant pipeline vandalism and condensate evacuation challenges.
 
Chief Operating Officer, Gas and Power and Chairman of the NGPTC Board, Saidu Mohammed, said the NGPTC was focused on consolidating on its strength and grow to bigger levels, noting that by 2019, the company would have leapfrogged into the big league with most of its ongoing gas infrastructure projects coming on stream.
 
Also, Managing Director of the company, Babatunde Bakare, said the 2017 AGM result showcases the corporation’s resolve to align with the prime objective of the Federal Government to harness the nation’s gas resources for the overall benefit of the Nigerian economy.
 
In another development, the Minna Depot of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) in Pogo, near Minna in Niger State, was gutted by fire yesterday.
 
The fire, which started exactly at 11.00 a.m., created panic along the ever-busy Minna-Paiko road, leaving commuters stranded.
 
A resident of the area, Malam Ibrahim Paiko, who spoke with The Guardian in Minna, said the leakage started since Saturday but the scooping by the boys started around 2.00 a.m. yesterday.
 
According to him: “When the leakage started early this morning, it ran through the gutters which made black marketers scoop from it.
 
Besides, the Public Relations Officer (PRO) of the NSCDC, Malam Ibrahim Yahaya, who spoke with The Guardian, said: “For now, we have not been able to ascertain whether there is any casualty.”
 
Also, the Director-General, Niger State Emergency Management Agency (NSEMA), Ahmed Ibrahim Inga, who confirmed the incident, said: “We thank God everything has returned to normalcy. Evacuation measures have been put in place and thank God the situation is now calm.
 
Source: The Guardian
MT Sahara Gas, the newly built vessel acquired by the West Africa Gas Limited (WAGL), has delivered 7,000 metric tonnes (MT) of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), in its historic maiden voyage to Nigeria, to boost availability and safe access to the commodity widely referred to as cooking gas.
 
WAGL is a Joint Venture (JV) between Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), and leading energy conglomerate, Sahara Group. The JV is run by two companies, NNPC LNG Ltd., a wholly-owned subsidiary of NNPC, and Sahara Energy’s oil and gas trading arm, Ocean Bed Trading Ltd. (BVI).
 
WAGL in January 2017, acquired two new vessels, MT Africa Gas, and MT Sahara Gas, in its bid to reduce transportation bottlenecks, add value to the Nigeria economy through exporting the commodity, deepen the LPG market in West Africa as well as enhance access to clean and safe energy.
 
The acquisitions were also a strategic response to the lingering challenges of supply, affordability and fraudulent activities motivated by scarcity of LPG also known as cooking gas.
NNPC’s Group Managing Director, Dr. Maikanti Baru, said in keeping with the Federal Government’s economic growth plan, WAGL remained committed to stabilising the market and ensuring sustainability of the commodity through strategic deliveries within the sub-region.
 
“This is a historic achievement for the NNPC and Sahara Group that showcases a truly successful partnership by all global standards.
 
The quest is to achieve uninterrupted supply of the commodity and address infrastructural limitations as we continue to implement our zero tolerance policy against adulterated products and their promoters across the nation.”
 
Baru said the NNPC/Sahara Group partnership remained a model for successful JVs, adding that both parties were considering various strategies to optimise the delivery of the product across West Africa.
 
Speaking aboard the vessel, the Managing Director, Petroleum Products Marketing Company (PPMC), Umar Isa Ajiya, said it was a significant and important milestone not only for Nigeria, but also for Africa and the entire shipping and maritime industry.
 
“We have a brand new LPG vessel, built by 100% fully owned Nigerian entities and it has picked up LPG from Bonny and brought it to Lagos.
 
This is the first time we are having a wholly owned shipping vessel bringing product to our shores.
 
This is an opportunity to grow and deepen the LPG market in Nigeria such that the use of firewood will come to an end sooner than later.
 
 
Source: The Guardian
The Group Managing Director of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, (NNPC) Maikanti Baru, has said a Final Investment Decision (FID) on the additional eight Million Tonnes Per Annum Nigeria LNG Train 7 Plant will be reached before the end of this year.
This is not the first time NNPC is making this claim, as indeed, attempts to make a final decision on the additional plant has been stalled for many years, dating back to the former President Olusegun Obasanjo’s regime.
 
However, speaking at the ongoing Nigerian Oil and Gas (NOG) conference & Exhibition in Abuja, Tuesday, Baru said the country is keen on driving investment in its oil and gas sector without disclosing further details as to when exactly the decision will be made.
 
He said: “On the expansion of our existing 22 metric tonnes per annum (MTPA) NLNG plant, we are on the verge of taking Final Investment Decision (FID) this year for additional eight MTPA NLNG Train 7 Plant.”
 
With six trains currently operational, NLNG’s plant on the Bonny Island in Rivers State, is capable of producing 22MTPA of LNG, and 5 MTPA of NGLs (LPG and Condensate) from 3.5 billion (standard) cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) of natural gas intake. If the seventh train is completed, total production capacity would be lifted to 30MTPA.
 
To him, with NNPC’s upstream subsidiary – The Nigerian Petroleum Development Company (NPDC), the group would grow production to 500,000 bopd of oil, and 1.5bscfd of gas by 2020.
 
“Furthermore, in terms of frontier exploration, we are optimistic that in the Benue trough, we will drill an appraisal well in Q3 2018 to test the extent of the Kolmani Structure in the Benue Trough. Recall that Kolmani River-1 exploration well drilled by Shell in 1998 encountered 238ft net hydrocarbon interval.
 
“In NNPC, we believe that the downstream sector holds the future. The plan to become a net exporter of refined products by year-end 2019 is on course. Based on this timeline, the revamping of our four refineries are our topmost priorities in NNPC for the midstream segment. Alongside this, we are also progressing with the revamping and rehabilitation of all our pumping stations, pipelines, and depots across the country,” the GMD said.
 
The Secretary General, Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Mohammad Barkindo, reiterated the need for more investment in the global oil and gas sector.
 
He noted that the lack of investment in the sector poses serious repercussions for future consumers, especially given the increase in world oil demand, which is expected in the long term.
 
According to him,  from 2014 to 2016, during the last industry downturn, world oil supply growth outpaced demand, with supply growing by 5.8 million barrels per day, while demand increased by 4.3 million barrels per day.
 
He therefore argued that extreme volatility in the crude oil market has very negative consequences for such consumers and producers.
 
“Low oil prices are bad for producers today and create situations that are bad for consumers tomorrow. And high oil prices are bad for consumers today and lead to situations that are bad for producers tomorrow,” he said.
 
The OPEC scribe said nearly $1trillion in investments were frozen or discontinued, while thousands of high quality jobs were lost, adding that volatility remained a key challenge for investment into the sector.
 
He revealed that a record number of companies in the petroleum industry had filed for bankruptcy because of the level of shortfall in the price of the product.
 
He said: “According to OPEC’s World Oil Outlook, long-term oil demand is expected to increase by 15 mb/d, rising from 94.5 mb/d in 2016 to 111.1 mb/d in 2040. To meet the projected increase in global oil demand, investments worth an estimated $10.5trillion will be required.
 
“Investment is also necessary to offset the impact of natural decline rates, which can be as high as five per cent per year. To maintain current production levels, the industry might need to add upwards of four million barrels per day each year.”
 
Source: The Guardian
     
 

The Federal Government of Nigeria received N3.211 trillion as Petroleum Profits Tax (PPT) and Royalties from the third quarter of 2015 to third quarter of 2017, according to the Economic Report of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).

Breakdown of the revenue to the government showed that the country received N495.39 billion as PPT/royalties in third quarter of 2015; N388.66 billion, in fourth quarter of 2015; and N314.04 billion during first quarter of 2016.The revenue from PPT/royalties declined in second quarter of 2016 to N212.78 billion; later increased to N392.38 billion in third quarter of 2016; and decreased to N273.13 billion in fourth quarters of 2016.

There was a rebound of revenue to N325.38 billion in first quarter of 2017; N320.49 billion in second quarter and N489.41 billion during the third quarter of 2017. The CBN report for the third quarter of 2017 released recently, revealed that N103.46 billion was allocated to the 13 per cent Derivation Fund for distribution among the oil producing states. 

analysing the report, CBN disclosed that oil receipt at N1.27 trillion during the quarter under review was lower than the proportionate quarterly budget estimate by 6.2 per cent, but was above the receipts in the preceding quarter by 59.7 per cent. According to the CBN, the decline in oil revenue relative to the proportionate quarterly budget estimate was due to the shortfall in receipts from crude oil/gas exports, owing to the decline in crude oil production, arising from leakages and shut-ins/shut-downs at some NNPC terminals.

It disclosed that Nigeria’s crude oil production, including condensates and natural gas liquids, averaged 1.83 million barrels per day (mbd) or 168.36 million barrels (mb) in the review quarter.This, it noted, represented an increase of 0.17 mbd or 10.2 per cent, compared with 1.66 mbd or 151.06 mb recorded in the preceding quarter. The development was due to sustained peace in the oil production region.CBN said that crude oil export stood at 1.38 mbd or 126.96 mb, representing 14.0 per cent increase over 1.21 mbd or 110.11 mb in the preceding quarter.

The development, it hinted, was due, mainly, to reduced activities of vandals in the Niger Delta region.Allocation of crude oil for domestic consumption was maintained at 0.45 mbd or 41.40 million barrels in the review quarter.

Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) Chief Operating Officer, Upstream, Malam Bello Rabiu, proposed some key amendments to the Deep Offshore and Inland Basin Production Sharing Contract (PSC) Act to enable the Federal Government optimize the collection of royalties and other revenue in deep water oil production activities.He noted that it was imperative to effect increment in royalties across all categories to increase government take.

“It is our opinion that the proposal to increase the royalty rate for terrains beyond 1000 metres, from zero per cent to three per cent, is commendable but it is necessary to also make corresponding adjustments in other categories,’’ he said.He argued that in the alternative, the graduated royalty scale as provided in the Act should be removed while the Minister of Petroleum Resources should be empowered to intermittently set royalties payable for acreages located in deep offshore and inland basin production sharing contracts through regulations based on established economic parameters.

“It is our opinion that these incentives have outlived their usefulness and are now impediments to the Federal Government’s revenue collection efforts. The use of such incentives can be terminated by an amendment of section 4 of the Act,’’ the Corporation noted.He called on the National Assembly to seek relevant input from the Federal Inland Revenue Service, to resolve the divergent opinions regarding the methodology for the computation of the taxes which would arise as a result of the proposed royalty regime.

Source: The Guardian

The United States’ Energy Information Administration (EIA) forecasts that Brent crude oil prices will average $71 per barrel in 2018 and $68 a barrel in 2019. Meanwhile, Nigeria’s Bonny Light crude oil has maintain an international price of $73.44 per barrel, higher than the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) basket price of $73.35 per barrel.
The price of Nigeria’s Bonny Light is higher than the Nigeria’s $51 per barrel benchmark for 2018 budget.EIA in its Monthly Oil Market report for May, expects oil prices to decline in the coming months because global oil inventories are expected to rise slightly during the second half of 2018 and in 2019.The updated 2019 forecast price is $2 a barrel is higher than in the May forecast, which sold for an average price of $77 a barrel, an increase of $5 per barrel from April and the highest monthly average price since November 2014.
 
Even though the 2019 oil price forecast is higher than it was in the May monthly report, EIA expects oil prices to decline in the coming months because global oil inventories are expected to rise slightly during the second half of 2018 and in 2019.According to EIA, expected inventory growth results from forecast oil supply growth outpacing forecast oil demand growth in 2019.
 
EIA currently forecasts global petroleum and other liquids inventories will increase by 210,000 barrels per day (b/d) next year, a factor that, all else being equal, typically puts downward pressure on oil prices.Most of the growth in global oil production in the coming months is expected to come from the United States.
 
EIA projects that U.S. crude oil production will average 10.8 million barrels per day for full-year 2018, up from 9.4 million barrels per day (bpd) in 2017, and will average 11.8 million bpd in 2019.
 
The agency noted that if the 2018 and 2019 forecast annual averages materialize, they would be the highest levels of production on record, surpassing the previous record set in 1970.EIA expects that OPEC crude oil production will average 32.0 million b/d in 2018, a decrease of about 0.4 million bpd from the 2017 level.
 
The Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Dr Ibe Kachikwu, expressed optimism that the price of crude oil would rise to a level that is neither too high nor too low.The Minister said though crude oil appears to have fallen into bad times because of prevailing low price and the campaign against the use of fossil fuels for environmental reasons, the product would soon rise up to take its place as the prime global energy source.
 
Waxing poetic message on the current crude oil prices recently, Kachikwu stated: “My name is oil, those who are kind to me call me black gold. Those who hate me call me crude.“I worry for my future; everyone now talks down on me. Even farmers who trembled at the sight of my name are now strategizing against me.“And all my beneficiaries, me have they abandoned, all because producers have lost their tracks. But I will rise again, and when I do, I will take no prisoners.
 
“I will new technologies control; I will my supremacy confirm; I will my respect regain.“And my pricing, not too low, not too high; but I will not allow prices to humiliate me. All of you in OPEC, APPA, GCEF and all such bodies who have shown me no respect recently, soon, you’ll eat your words.”
 
Source: The Guardian

The proposed Nigerian Liquefied Natural Gas, NLNG trains seven and eight would reduce gas flaring in Nigeria to a zero level.

The General Manager, External Relations of the company, Dr. Kudo Eresia-Eke disclosed in Lagos that the completion and operations of trains one to six have reduced gas flaring from over 60 per cent to about 20 per cent in the nation.

According to him, the nation needs more investments in LNG to further reduce gas flaring while harnessing gas for domestic utilisation and export. He indicated that it was unpatriotic for the House of Representatives to amend the NLNG Act, put in place to protect the company from undue distractions.

Eresia-Eke said that the Nigerian Liquefied Natural Gas Limited has taken the battle of the Senate of the Federal Republic of Nigeria in order to reverse the recent amendment of the NLNG Act by the House of Representatives.

The move which is being supported by the shareholders of the company such as the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, Shell Petroleum Development Company Limited, Total Exploration and Producing Company and Agip is based on the need to remove hurddles, capable of hindering the implementation of the nation’s $25 billion trains seven and eight project.

The General Manager, External Relations Division of NLNG limited, Dr. Kudo Eresia-Eke, indicated in a telephone interview yesterday that the management of the company has concluded plans to meet the senators this week. He said the company has also scheduled to meet with relevant persons and institutions in the executive arm of government to let them understand why the present amendment should be stopped.

“We have lined up series of events to engage with the Senators because they have a lot to do with this Act. We will also meet with many key persons in the President Mohammadu Buhari-led administration to let them know the issues and implications.”

We are not going to stop there. Plans have also been concluded to keep the general public well-informed because the present development may be partly based on inadequate knowledge, “he added.

Investigations showed that the National Petroleum Investment Management Services (a subsidiary of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation), Shell, Total and Agip would continue to work on the $25 billion Liquefied Natural Gas trains seven and eight project despite the recent amended of the NLNG Act.

 

- Vanguard Nigeria

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