Items filtered by date: Thursday, 05 July 2018
Enough beer to fill 12,000 bottles an hour flows in a pipeline below the 1,200-year-old city of Bruges, Belgium. 
 
The 3km pipeline connects De Halve Maan brewery in the city’s historic centre to a bottling plant in the suburbs.
 
More than €300,000 (R4.8 million) out of the project’s €4 million (R64 million) cost was financed through a crowdfunding campaign, the largest in Belgium's history. 
 
“Everyone always thought, ‘it’s a dream, it’s a joke, it is something that is not realisable at all,’” De Halve Maan brewery director Xavier Vanneste told the Guardian.
 
The pipeline is a practical solution to the logistical nightmare of having trucks thundering daily through the narrow medieval cobbled streets of the town. 
 
The last truck left old Bruges, a Unesco World Heritage Site, in September 2017, when the pipeline came online.
 
It was inspired when Vanneste saw workmen laying broadband cables outside his house.
 
“When I started talking to those guys, I realised it was possible, it was feasible.”
 
De Halve Maan brewery is repaying the thousands of people who supported the project with free beer, with the people who paid the top rate of €7,500 (R120,500) receiving a free beer every day for the rest of their lives. 
 
Source: The Guardian
Published in Business
Proposed legislation opens electricity retail to competition and Geothermal producers to pay royalties of up to 5% of sales
 
Lawmakers in East Africa’s biggest economy approved a new law that could abolish Kenya Power Ltd.’s monopoly on grid-electricity distribution.
 
With the proposed new legislation, which still needs presidential approval, the Energy Regulatory Commission will license new companies to sell power and take away Kenya Power’s control over the dispatch center, which determines what energy sources will feed the national grid.
 
The Energy Bill also introduces royalties from geothermal generation, parliamentary majority leader Aden Duale said by phone from the capital, Nairobi. Africa’s biggest geothermal electricity producer will expect between 1 percent and 2.5 percent of revenue during the first decade of a geothermal license being issued.
 
The levy will then climb to between 2 percent and 5 percent, with a fifth of the proceeds remitted to regional governments, 5 percent to the local community, and the rest to the national government.
 
 
Source: Bloomberg News
Published in Engineering

Facebook announced it will notify 800,000 people about a bug that unblocked accounts those users had previously blocked.

The bug was active between May 29 and June 5.

In a blog post, Facebook's chief privacy officer, Erin Egan, said some blocked users couldn't view posts that the person who blocked them shared with friends, but they could have seen things that person shared.

"We know that the ability to block someone is important — and we'd like to apologize and explain what happened," Egan said in the post.

When someone is typically blocked on Facebook, that person cannot view posts on your profile, chat with you on Messenger or add you as a friend. The user is also automatically unfriended. A person may want to block another user for various reasons, including after a romantic break up or due to harassment.

Facebook said 83% of users impacted by the bug had one person temporarily unblocked. A user who was unblocked during that time may have been able to talk to the person who blocked them on Messenger.

The company says the issue has been resolved, and all previous settings have been reinstated

Credit: CNN 

Published in Telecoms

Amid a fresh wave of civil unrest in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the international community must question its confidence in President Joseph Kabila to achieve stability in a turbulent region.

He has been at the helm since he took over as president in 2001 after his father, Laurent, was assassinated. The young Kabila ruled for a transitional period until 2006, before winning two elections.

He is now in his seventh year of what should have been just five years of his second term and is constitutionally barred from standing again. But he has remained in office after his mandate ended in late 2016. This, as the country awaits a long-delayed election. The delay has sparked deadly protests.

While Kabila cannot legally stand for a third term, the opposition is concerned that he might. Fears among opposition and church leaders have been further fuelled by Kabila’s appointment of three new judges to the constitutional court. Two are well-known allies.

But Kabila has no legitimacy and his authority is disintegrating. If the elections are delayed again there’s a real possibility that central Africa will slide into violent conflict once again. The armed violence is likely to be bloodier than in the past due to the number of fragmented localised groups aiming to grab their slice in one of the world’s most resource-rich countries.

If the international community wants to avoid another major armed conflict on the African content – in addition to the outstanding conflicts in Libya, Nigeria, Somalia and South Sudan – urgent action is needed to negotiate with Kabila for his own peaceful exit before the country slides back into full-scale armed conflict.

Deteriorating situation

In the wake of Kabila’s refusal to cede power, the security situation has deteriorated. At least 10 of Congo’s 26 provinces are in the grip of armed conflict. This has forced over two million people to flee their homes, 800,000 of them children. The total number of internally displaced people is estimated to be 4.5 million while refugees are flocking into Uganda, Tanzania, Angola and Zambia.

The security situation in the DRC is dire. As the violence in Kasai and eastern parts of the country intensifies, escalating conflict in south eastern Congo looks set to continue.

More than 70 rebel groups are estimated to be operating in the country. They are all variously involved in skirmishes with the army or, more commonly, prey on civilians. This in turn creates a tangle of ethnic and tribal grievances for warlords to exploit.

In 2012, the M23 rebel movement briefly took the city of Goma. They were eventually thrown out by the Congolese army, supported by the UN. But the current violence in Kasai is threatening to overshadow even that disaster. In August 2017, for example, the “dead city” movements ensured that significant parts of the country’s urban population went on strike.

Some reports have suggested that more than 3,000 people have been killed since the start of 2017. More than 33,000 Kasai residents have fled into Angola. It has been suggested that the Bana Mura - a government sponsored militia - was behind the violence.

Last year major fighting occurred between Twa and Bantu populations in Tanganyika province. And as the year entered its last quarter, Uvira, on the outskirts of Lake Tanganyika, was the site for fighting between the rebel Yakutumba militia and government forces. Government forces fled and the rebels would have taken the city had they not been repulsed by Pakistani peacekeepers.

Despite a failure by the Yakutumba militia to take Uvira, it was a reminder of the level of dissatisfaction rising in the east, since the end of the Second Congo War in 2003. The rise of rebels operating in the east means violence could potentially spread to Kivu and beyond.

Uncertain times ahead

In 2017, presidential and legislative elections were delayed despite the Catholic Church reaching a deal with Kabila. The political crisis was further complicated by the death of long-standing opposition leader Étienne Tshisekedi later in the year.

The election planned for December this year is unlikely to bring together the various groups or solve the outbreak of violence in the country. The most likely candidate with the perceived ability to bring together the different groups is Moïse Katumbi. He has succeeded in rallying together opposition parties into a coalition backing his candidacy – an impressive feat in a country as fragmented as the Congo.

He also has by far the best broad plan to reconcile the country, which is what the country needs if the fragile peace is going to hold. But the country’s attorney general announced recently that Katumbi may not be eligible to stand in presidential elections because he held Italian citizenship from October 2000 until January 2017.

Under Congo’s constitution, its nationals cannot hold dual citizenship and have to petition the government to regain their citizenship if they take up a foreign nationality. But the provision, however, is loosely enforced and many prominent politicians are believed to have second citizenships.

Kabila’s time in government has shown an inability to bring together the various ethnic groups and to control the growth of dissatisfied rebel groups. This is despite the fact that the DRC has the world’s largest UN peacekeeping force, numbering 18,000 blue helmets, who try to enforce a measure of calm in the east of the country.

Botswana’s President Mokgweetsi Masisi has said that he hopes to see a commitment from Kabila to leave office at year’s end. More African leaders need to acknowledge the gravity of the crisis and apply pressure on Kabila through existing African Union mechanisms.

 

Andrew Edward Tchie, Conflict and Policy Advisor on Syria, Senior Visiting Research Follow Kings College London Centre for Conflict and Health, Visiting Researcher at PRIO, and PhD Candidate at University of Essex., University of Essex

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.

Published in Economy

The Nigeria Federal Government is set to launch the Abuja Rail Mass Transit project later this month.

The project, which is the first light rail system in West Africa, was flagged-off by former President Olusegun Obasanjo in 2007 in an attempt to host the 2014 Commonwealth Games.

The Government had earlier disclosed that tracks, as well as 12 stations of the first phase of the projects, were already completed while procurement of rolling stock (wagons, etc) was ongoing.

Tolu Ogunlesi, the special assistant to President Muhammadu Buhari on digital media, disclosed that the trial phase took place today, ahead of the launch which has been scheduled to hold later this month.

“Today we tour #AbujaMetro, ahead of the launch. The first light rail system in West Africa. Phase 1 completed; 2 Lines, Yellow and Blue, with Connections to Abuja Airport and the National Rail Line” Ogunlesi tweeted.

“Took us about 20 minutes from Abuja Metro Station direct to Idu, where the #AbujaMetro connects to the National Rail Service (Lagos-Kano/Abuja-Kaduna). There are a couple of stations in between that we didn’t stop at, so the ideal journey will take slightly longer.”

The project would connect the city centre to Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport and would offer a light rail transport system that would ease transport challenges in the city.

Former President Olusegun Obasanjo initiated the project with an official groundbreaking ceremony in May 2007 in order to host Commonwealth Games in 2014. But lack of funds for the project delayed its completion.

Source: The Guardian

Published in News Economy

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