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Items filtered by date: Tuesday, 09 May 2017

After a tense and often antagonistic election campaign, Emmanuel Macron is to become the next president of France. The result is, of course, in all sorts of ways extraordinary.

In a little over a year, the 39-year-old former finance minister has gone from being a wannabe to the future tenant of the Elysée Palace. He struck out alone to form his own political movement and while much of the froth surrounding the election has focused on his opponent, the enormity of his achievement needs to be acknowledged and cannot be underestimated.

Even before the first round, all the polls had Macron pegged to win the second round 60/40. But then, between the rounds, Le Pen seemed to be nibbling away at Macron’s lead – not by much, but by enough to cause some butterflies among her opponents. Macron appeared lacklustre at a crucial time. Fears of a low turnout and Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s refusal to formally endorse Macron also threw a number of unknowns into the mix.

A high abstention rate would play in Le Pen’s favour, went the reasoning. Her electors, as far as anyone could tell, were more committed. In the end, turnout was indeed lower than expected (and there were 4m spoilt ballots), but it did not hinder Macron. Quite the reverse. With an estimated 65.1% of the vote to Le Pen’s 34.9%, Macron has come away with the second highest second round score in the history of the Fifth Republic.

So, now France has a president whose priorities are to tackle chronic unemployment by relaxing labour legislation and introducing a raft of measures to help young people into work, to reduce primary school class sizes to 12 pupils per teacher, to relaunch the European project in collaboration with France’s partners and to simplify the mind-bogglingly complex tax and pension set-up for French citizens.

What happened Marine?

Deep down, Le Pen knew she didn’t have the tail wind to take her to victory after a disappointing first-round result. She had hoped to go through in first place but finished second behind Macron and only 650,000 votes ahead of François Fillon.

This goes some way to explaining her extraordinary performance in the presidential debate on May 3, where she cast aside the opportunity to present her programme in favour of a non-stop attack on Macron. He might not have looked presidential all the way through the debate, but she certainly looked like she was making a bid to be the leader of the opposition rather than the tenant of the Elysée. In any case, it looks like the debate cost her 5% of the vote. It certainly caused consternation among her supporters.

And yet her score is historic. Throughout the campaign she was the one candidate we all assumed would get through to the second round. Her total of 11m votes is twice what her father managed in 2002 – and 5m more than she herself scored in 2012.

On Sunday evening, about ten minutes after the result was announced, Le Pen made a two-minute speech to a small group of party activists, accepting her defeat, but also launching herself as the head of the “première force d’opposition” and promising a transformation of the Front National for the general election in June. She neglected to explain what that means, but she will almost certainly seek to destabilise Les Républicains by appealing to the right of the party.

A discarded voting slip says it all. Paul Smith

Meanwhile, after a celebration at the Louvre on Sunday night, Macron awaits his formal investiture as the eighth president of the Fifth Republic at the beginning of next week. By tradition, the incoming president announces the name of the prime minister only on the following day. Macron may break with this and make the announcement a little earlier, but there are still calculations to be made.

The electoral process isn’t quite over for the French. Can they survive the risks of electoral burn-out? For now, at least we can all savour what has been an extraordinary campaign and reflect on where France goes now.

Paul Smith, Associate Professor in French and Francophone Studies, University of Nottingham

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.

Published in World

Anaemic economic growth and a high unemployment rate have raised the stakes for South Africans to save more and reduce debt.

According to Greg Barclay, Head of International Personal Banking from Standard Bank it is never too late to start saving, but every person’s individual goals and appetite for risk need to be considered, in order to arrive at the optimal savings solution. It is equally important to ensure that not all of a portfolio’s eggs are in one basket, or just one country.

“It is hard to generalise about the ideal investment mix and strategy as each individuals’ goals and appetite is so different. However, there are a number of new and exciting ways to maximise the outcomes from a savings perspective, including tax free savings accounts and an array of offshore diversification opportunities,” says Mr. Barclay.

South Africa’s unemployment rate has soared to 27.1% - a 13 year high – while the economy is predicted to struggle to eke out even 1% growth in the year ahead. Inflation, meanwhile, is beginning to rear its head and add more pressure on the pockets of consumers. The appetite for taking risks has waned, but this should not prevent a balanced inter-generational approach to preserving and growing wealth.

“It is not all doom and gloom if investors adopt a long-term goals-based approach that aligns to future objectives and outcomes. This strategy needs to be carefully crafted by a financial planner after taking into account all the risks, rewards and the expectations of the investor,” he says.

The key is to ensure a long-term, disciplined savings strategy is adhered to so that wealth can not only be protected, but gets given the ability to grow.
“Many South Africans are struggling to retire with enough money to maintain their lifestyles – never mind leaving legacies for future generations. However, it is never too late to start with a plan that is ideally suited to your circumstances and future wealth goals,” says Mr. Barclay.

Tax free savings accounts, for example, were introduced in SA in 2015 in order to assist in improving savings levels, and as of last Budget, have a R33 000 annual allowance, but many people are still unaware of the benefits a tax free investment can deliver.

In contrast, the majority of employed people in SA already have retirement funds through their companies. The majority of these funds will have up to 30% invested in offshore assets in line with the regulations for pension funds investing in offshore assets. However, the decision to take a portion of an investment portfolio offshore will depend on an individual’s goals and appetite for risk.

“As exchange controls have been relaxed and access to offshore banking and investments becomes more accessible, we will see the number of people diversifying wealth offshore grow,” says Mr. Barclay.
“Simply trying to get away from the rand should never be a reason to invest offshore, but diversifying investments is certainly one of the factors – among many - that should be taken into account when structuring an offshore plan. Offshore investing spans traditional savings and fixed deposits, to capital protected structured products, to offshore unit trusts, discretionary/non-discretionary portfolios to property,” concludes Mr. Barclay.

Published in Bank & Finance

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