Iran bypasses SWIFT payment system, to dodge US sanctions

Sep 19, 2019
Iranian Central Bank (CBI) Head, Abdolnaser Hemmati, on Wednesday said the country is planning to evade American economic sanctions by switching entirely away from the dollar to national currencies in mutual trade and by bypassing SWIFT.
“Accordingly, we are moving toward using alternative payment systems and conducting our business through national currencies.
“Such steps have been discussed with Turkey and Russia,’’ Hemmati said.
Separately, the CBI chief said that his country has issued a proposal to Russia to use alternative payment systems in trade with the entire Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU).
He noted that such measures would effectively render SWIFT useless for the country.
SWIFT, an international messaging network for communications between banks, announced its ban on Iranian financial institutions after the U.S. targeted them with sanctions in November 2018.
The network said that this was done in order to preserve the global stability of the system.
It said that the decision was preceded by Washington threatening to impose sanctions on SWIFT itself if it would not cut ties with Iran.
The U.S. imposed sanctions against the Iranian economy’s energy, banking, and shipping sectors following its withdrawal from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
Washington also threatened to impose sanctions against any entity dealing with Iran, including from the EU.
In a bid to preserve the deal with Iran, the European Union developed a special mechanism called INSTEX that would allow for conducting business with the country without falling under U.S. sanctions.
However, Tehran was not entirely satisfied with it as it failed to alleviate Iranian oil trade issues.
Iran has called on Brussels to improve INSTEX, threatening to abandon the JCPOA.
In May, Tehran began to gradually roll-back on its commitments under the accord, citing the lack of progress in improving the INSTEX mechanism.
The international SWIFT network banned Iranian banks from its system soon after the U.S. imposed sanctions against the country in November 2018.
The ban was preceded by Washington’s threats to slap sanctions on the financial network too if it were to continue working with the Islamic Republic’s financial institutions.
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