As retail banks grapple with rapidly advancing technology, higher customer expectations, and tighter regulation, they must redouble efforts to personalize their product and service offerings if they hope to position themselves optimally for the future, according to a new report by The Boston Consulting Group (BCG). The report, titled Global Retail Banking 2018: The Power of Personalization, is being released today.
The report, the latest in a series of annual BCG studies of the retail banking sector, provides a comprehensive look at the industry, examining such topics as global and regional growth, regulation, performance dispersion, digital transformation, enhanced personalization, and improved continuous delivery.
“Banks are in demonstrably different places today, using their own particular strengths to overcome obstacles,” says Ian Walsh, a BCG senior partner and a coauthor of the report. “Many banks have made progress in digitizing for cost, but they still need to move from pilots to large-scale initiatives to reap the benefits of their digital investments. Banks are less far along in digitizing for value. The goal of this more ambitious effort is to understand and serve the customer better and, in doing so, to earn more revenue per customer and increase retention. This can happen only through personalized value propositions.”
Retail Banking Growth
According to the report, retail banking is responsible for roughly half of all banking revenues worldwide, with the rest coming from corporate banking and sources such as asset management, investment banking, proprietary trading, and bancassurance. That share is not likely to change dramatically between now and 2021, a period during which BCG expects retail banking revenues to rise by 5.3% annually to reach approximately $2.54 trillion. If achieved, this compound annual growth rate would be the highest in the sector in at least a decade. Although some trends in banking—most obviously digitization—are relevant across all regions and markets, retail banking is inherently a local business, inextricably bound up with each country’s economic fundamentals, regulatory landscape, and competitive dynamics.
The Impact of Regulation
The broad outlines of most countries’ top-level regulatory reform packages are now in place, the report says, and the regulations focus on three areas: financial stability, prudent operations, and resolution (a bank’s responsibility to put forward a plan in the event of its own failure). The challenge for banks is to remain efficient as they begin implementing the regulations, which have increased threefold since 2011. Regulations will have a larger near-term impact in some regions than in others.
BCG’s Retail Banking Excellence Benchmark (REBEX)—a yearly analysis that permits comparison across hundreds of metrics—indicates that retail banks are not meeting the current challenges with equal success. In fact, over the past three years, the gap between the cost-income ratio of first-quartile banks and that of median banks has increased at a compound annual growth rate of 13%. This performance split is due in part to circumstances specific to different regions. But it is also attributable to the path that each bank charts on its own digital transformation journey.
For many retail banking executives, a key question is how efficient and digitally advanced their organizations are compared with their immediate competitors. An assessment of progress on digital journeys has two critical dimensions. The first is digitizing for cost, which refers to using digital technologies to create operational efficiencies. The second, digitizing for value, refers to using digital technologies to create a fundamentally better experience for customers. Both globally and regionally, banks display a wide range of progress in these areas.
Personalization and Continuous Delivery
Personalization is emerging as a primary mechanism for increasing both customer satisfaction and economic value in banking, the report says. Banks should use improved data and technology to get a clear sense of each customer’s financial and behavioral DNA, and develop individualized offers on that basis. Banks that succeed with personalization will more effectively acquire, engage, and retain customers, adding to their growth and profits. The report adds that, in the future, convenience will increasingly revolve around the concept of always-on banking. To remain flexible, banks must build sophisticated routing platforms that ensure continuous delivery of the personalized experience—through digitally empowered relationship managers, automated customer-care centers, and self-service technologies.
“Retail banks need to grapple with near-term challenges while still investing in capabilities and services to remain relevant in the future,” says BCG’s Ian Walsh. “Short- and long-term goals will occasionally conflict in the coming years, and each bank will have to figure out the tradeoffs it must make. But one thing is clear: the customer can never be an afterthought.”